why the world economy stagnated

only two events are responsible for where we stand today, agrarian advancement that allowed non-agri populace become manufacturers and traders, and industrial revolution that increased availability of goods for which people worked to satisfy their wants. these two had a long-lasting impact on world economy, the rest, of which digital revolution is a part are only flashy successes. other factors included competition which kept prices in check, allowed employment growth and fortified the supply side, thus keeping the demand side in continuous motion; innovation that was real such as invention of motorized vehicles, telephones and consumer electronics, which tempted buyers who could only make purchases by lending their labour. in the past few decades, the world economy grew on the strength of services sector including banking, communication and information technology. and this is where we made mistake. consider each of this and you will notice that these aspects only compliment manufacturing, banks enable credit for business growth, communication and information

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implementation gaps are undermining reforms

government’s reformist stance is appreciable and is set to usher in much-needed changes in the economy. but be it the denotification of higher currency notes or country’s shift from multiple indirect levies to goods and services tax, almost every policy decision fell short of realizing its real and desired outcome. demonetisation was targeted at checking corruption and black money, but bankers made fortunes out of this exercise. reason – the agency that planned the execution of this decision could not anticipate corruption by one of the implementing hands, the banks. not only notes were exchanged on fake identification documents, atm queues and misbehavior at branches added to the woes of already panicked currency holders. demonetisation was the first policy action that separated the present dispensation from former governments as this was not only a bold transformation, it also was greeted with cheer from the public at large; however the push behind this wide acceptance was related more with modi’s god-like

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the lost gst opportunity – ‘job creation’

goods and services tax is being hailed as the most far-reaching tax reform ever in independent india. gst will curb ambiguity in indirect taxation, will ease compliance and can augment tax collection of the government, all agreed. but has gst delivered on the front that is all more critical than these, did the government factor in  job creation while planning for gst roll out? in bits they did. they foresaw automatic creation of jobs once the tax reform comes into play, for businesses will need tax consultants to understand the new complexities and to steer clear of penalties for wrong/ delayed filings. but what the government did was to leave it to the market forces for creation of new jobs, and this is where they made a blunder. in a recent letter to chartered accountants across india, pm modi has requested for their cooperation in honest and effective implementation of gst. this is where the problem lies. the already well-off

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sbi vs. mcdonalds-reasons why sbi is failing

here, we shall discuss how the operations and human resource framework at sbi and other public sector banks of india contrasts with that of mcdonalds, a prominent restaurant chain. in the end, we shall be able to comprehend why sbi is struggling to maintain its profitable operations despite being a bank of almost every indian. let us start with the recruitment process at the two establishments. to be able to work with sbi, one needs to be a graduate and clear the competitive exam that the bank conducts to fill positions of clerks and probationary officers. for a mcdonalds job, one gets selected without any such exam, however, only those with good communication and other skills can expect to be hired. do sbi and other public sector banks actually need a competitive exam to fill vacancies. the answer is ‘no’. and this is backed by the rationale that a clerk or a probationary officer would not undertake any scientific explorations

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liberalise medicine, other studies to generate employment

practicing medicine is a job, same is with practicing chartered accountancy, cost accountancy or company secretaryship. there is, however, a difference when we talk of a law practitioner. and this difference is the one practicing law does not have to fight her way out to become a lawyer, a 3 or 5 year study programme with easy enrolments enables one to do so. engineers too have the prospect of employing their skills at work after a 4 year programme. but what about practicing medicine or being a ca, cwa or cs; for these professions, one has to struggle with getting admitted into much-coveted medical colleges or appearing repeatedly in competition-styled exams where only a miniscule percentage of aspirants is awarded a pass certificate. it is a known fact that our country lacks the number of doctors as per the world health organisation norms. chartered accountants and other finance professionals, owing to their small fraternity have formed a cartel which indulges

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lower the superannuation age of state employees to use demographic dividend

india is being positively looked upon by the otherwise aging world economies owing to its ever-high proportion of population in the working age group that is expected to spur economic growth. you may find endless bonuses of this, the bottom line is this group needs work, while the sad contrasting picture is dismal job growth rate of the indian economy. while infrastructure spending spree of the current government has given the hope for some occupation opportunities in roads, railways, ports, energy and similar sectors, would this state-backed, public spending-fueled exercise be able to serve the millions staring at work in coming days? the most rational solution is freeing the government sector employment space by lowering the age of superannuation, be it in central, state, autonomous bodies, public sector enterprises or state-owned banks. from current 58 or 60 as the age of retirement, it has to come down to at least 55, or even 52, and as a compulsion, not as

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has conventional recruitment practice failed us?

if the economy could produce enough jobs on its own, the government would have been relieved of pumping funds into programmes like mgnrega and other sops to support low income groups. that sadly isn’t the case. let’s see how conservative recruitment norms inspired indian industries’ incompetence. economists and analysts will talk of low industrial growth, rising non-performing assets of banks and the losing sheen of indian information technology sector owing to lack of skill upgradation in indian engineers, but rarely does anyone talk of how human resource failures fueled these downturns. india may be inching closer towards a place amongst top 5 economies in the world, we may be the fastest growing major economy, stats including worst credit growth, dismal private sector investment, failure of indian industry in matching up with global competitiveness and technological prowess and inadequate job growth show the ground beneath is hollow and vulnerable to collapse; not to say of our so-called demographic dividend that is

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latest transaction/atm charges by banks is bad economics

customers of banks are trapped in a tight spot where the government wants them to keep as much money as possible in banks and shift to digital transactions, on the contrary, banks have united to levy transaction/ atm charges for cash withdrawals and deposits. this is an evident case of exploitation of customers who will have no other choice than to pay or reduce velocity of circulation of money, a greater evil. what is banking? someone with surplus money hands over this extra to a responsible party which can lend it to someone in need. the difference in rate of interest between these two transactions is what this responsible party – in this case the banks – can claim as legitimate profit. while indian banks may have cited operational costs as a reason to charge customers, it was upon them to maintain operational costs at such levels that the customers weren’t burdened. non-performing assets are plunging banks into losses or

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sbi’s merging with associates will only up the miseries

when do two forces combine? when one has something worthy to lend to the other party and when their working cohesively can bring economies of scale. in the merger of state bank of india with its associate banks, the concept of economies of scale has been grossly misconstrued. this merger is set to be one of the most ill-conceived ideas in the banking history of the country. in this world where financial experts and consultants come from top business schools, basics of any concept are customarily overlooked. the only intention of decision-makers seems to be their greed to let sbi enter the coveted list of banks in terms of assets. they may have achieved this goal, but if only value of assets determined viability of any enterprise, market forces would have compelled many competitors to join forces; this, however, isn’t prudent economics. what is the role of a bank? what is banking? in simple terms, borrowing from those who have

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income disparity won’t go unless indian market is redesigned

anyone thinking of bridging the income gap in indian society would be at fault unless redesigning of the market is considered. in simple words, a market comprises of a producer, the trader and the consumer. while there was utmost need of a driving force, the trader, in putting the consumption cycle at work, an unchecked market mechanism has led to income disparity. let us explain how. the producer that generates goods and employment is the primary player in any economy. the same employment generates consumers who buy different goods and thereby let the economy function. this production and purchase relationship is the key driving force in any economy, to be true, the only driving force. traders in between do facilitate purchases, however also distort the market in many ways, for a trader isn’t a producer, although he may be a consumer for some produced goods. now we need to observe how money is created in any economy. for the part of work one

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